Here is the entire note from the bottom of the report on this study. ;)
NOTE - This study received considerable press because of controversy among breeders and the public about whether purebred dogs are more afflicted with genetic disorders than mixed breed dogs. The study demonstrated that for 10 of the 27 disorders examined, purebred dogs were significantly more likely to be affected than mixed breed dogs (see the first graph above). For one disorder, ruptured cranial cruciate ligament, mixed breed dogs were more likely to be afflicted, and they were also more likely to be hit by a car. For the remaining 17 disorders, the study failed to find a difference between mixed and purebred dogs in the probability of being affected. The statistical statement of failure to find a significant difference between mixed and purebred dog populations is not the same as saying that a particular disease is "equally common" in mixed and purebred dogs, which is how it was generally interpreted by the press and also apparently many breeders.
"A new study by researchers at the University of California, Davis, indicates that mixed breeds don’t necessarily have an advantage when it comes to inherited canine disorders." UC Davis press release
"A new study on the prevalence of inherited disorders among American mixed breed and purebred dogs has negated the common assumption that a mixed breed dog is always healthier than a purebred dog." (Quickfall 2013)
"It has been publicly discussed for years that hereditary disorders would be a direct consequence of the strict selective breeding of pedigree dogs and that for this reason the purebreds would have a much greater risk of developing hereditary disorders than mixed breed dogs. According to the latest research by Bellumori and his group, this assumption does not seem to hold. Indeed many diseases seem to be as common in mixed breed as in pedigree dogs" (Moller)
"A new study on the prevalence of inherited disorders among American mixed breed and purebred dogs has negated the common assumption that a mixed breed dog is always healthier than a purebred dog" (Quickfall 2013).
It is true - a mixed breed dog is not "always healthier than a purebred dog". But it is the case - as this study showed - that purebred dogs have a greater risk of developing some of the hereditary disorders examined in this study than mixed breed dogs. And certainly in the case of genetic disorders caused by a single recessive mutation, purebred dogs should be far more likely to be afflicted because they are also more likely to inherit two copies of the defective allele as a consequence of inbreeding. Most of the disorders examined here are likely polygenic (i.e., involve complex effects of multiple genes). For the dozens of genetic disorders afflicting dogs that are caused by single recessive mutations, purebreds will surely exceed mixed breed dogs in frequency.
The authors of this study tackled a very important question that is very difficult to address because collecting the "perfect" data set is impossible. Using data on clinical occurrence of disease is fraught with difficulty because of many sources of potential complication - perhaps purebred dogs are more likely to receive veterinary treatment than mixed breeds, comparisons among groups (e.g., afflicted vs not, purebred vs mixed) are confounded by unequal sample sizes or differences among groups in the age, sex, etc of animals, and many other things that are a statistician's nightmare. In fact, the "perfect" comparison will never be done. But this study presents a large compilation of data and thorough analysis that is the first (and might be the only) attempt to explore differences in predisposition to disease in purebred and mixed breed dogs.
Moller F Mixed breed dogs are not protected from breed disease heritage. MyDogDNA website. (pdf)
Quickfall L 2013 Kennel Club welcomes study looking at health of all dogs. Dog News, Vol 29(30): 134, July 26, 2013. http://issuu.com/dognews/docs/072613/134
UC Davis press release (4/2/2014) Purebred dogs not always at higher risk for genetic disorders, study finds. (pdf)
Wood R 2013 Prevalence of genetic disorders compared in purebred and mixed-breed dogs. CABI VetMed Resource. http://www.cabi.org/VetMedResource/news/23088