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On 9/23/2017 at 4:18 PM, Ngaire Ingham said:

Agree - my 8 week old pup died within days of the first vaccination of C3

 

Sorry your pup died.   However many many pups are killed by parvo, and without vaccination the numbers would be staggering.  A lot of testing has been done on vaccines, and the preponderance of evidence says they are safe.

Fake news isn't confined to human politics.  Dogsnaturally is a strongly biased source.  I started checking sources on the article Jed cites.  The first article cited as anti vaccination concludes: "Conclusions/significance: There was no evidence to support an association between routine vaccination and thyroiditis at 
postmortem examination in beagle dogs after repeated vaccination.". I'd suggest checking all the references before believing the article...or blaming vaccination for your puppy's death.

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Sorry your pup died.   However many many pups are killed by parvo, and without vaccination the numbers would be staggering.  A lot of testing has been done on vaccines, and the preponderance of eviden

Oh I do love when things become open access to read. These are all open access!   Factors associated with success in guide dog training https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii

“Reactive Dogs and Exercise: Can modifying the daily exercise regime improve behaviour?”   LINK   Simple summary of the key findings by "Wheres your Sit" a dog training blog  

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An interesting podcast.  Interview of a neuroscientist who has done extensive work using MRI to study what goes on in the minds of dogs and other animals.

http://traffic.libsyn.com/sciencesalon/ss022_Gregory_Berns_rec2017_09_01_post2018_04_16.mp3?dest-id=513978

P.s. this goes off to an animal rights discussion that may bother some.

Edited by sandgrubber
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"Frontiers in Neuroscience published one of the first studies using brain imaging to probe how our canine companions process words they have been taught to associate with objects, conducted by scientists at Emory University. The results suggest that dogs have at least a rudimentary neural representation of meaning for words they have been taught, differentiating words they have heard before from those they have not."

I also considered this question in my small study on sociology, which was written with the help of such essay writing services. And I think that this assumption can be applied to other mammals.

https://news.emory.edu/stories/2018/10/esc_dogs_process_words/campus.html

Edited by eterson
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Oh I do love when things become open access to read. These are all open access!

 

Factors associated with success in guide dog training

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1558787808000786

 

Contexts and consequences of dog bite incidents

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1558787817301168

 

Dog and owner characteristics affecting the dog–owner relationship

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1558787814000343

 

Owner-companion dog interactions: Relationships between demographic variables, potentially problematic behaviours, training engagement and shared activities

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168159106000736

 

Grain free diets for utility dogs during training work: Evaluation of the nutrient digestibility and faecal characteristics

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405654518303081

(poop!)

 

Odor mixture training enhances dogs' olfactory detection of Home-Made Explosive precursors

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405844018314890

(I just contributed to a similar detection project!)

 

Training for eye contact modulates gaze following in dogs

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347215001608

 

Can you spare 15 min? The measurable positive impact of a 15-min petting session on shelter dog well-being

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168159118300777

 

(Genetics and biochemistry of) Iditarod Sled Dog Race

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092867412002334

 

Factors associated with long-term success in working police dogs

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168159118301977

 

Ability of dogs to detect cows in estrus from sniffing saliva samples

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030212009162

 

Social factors influencing cortisol modulation in dogs during a strange situation procedure

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1558787815001574

 

Electronic training devices: Discussion on the pros and cons of their use in dogs as a basis for the position statement of the European Society of Veterinary Clinical Ethology

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1558787818300108

 

Individual and group level trajectories of behavioural development in Border collies

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168159116301113

 

Seizure-alert dogs: a review and preliminary study

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S105913110200225X

 

No better than flipping a coin: Reconsidering canine behavior evaluations in animal shelters

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1558787816300697

 

The quality of the relation between handler and military dogs influences efficiency and welfare of dogs

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168159106001547

 

Dogslife: A cohort study of Labrador Retrievers in the UK

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167587715002329

 

Behavioral and psychological outcomes for dogs sold as puppies through pet stores and/or born in commercial breeding establishments: Current knowledge and putative causes

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1558787817300102

 

Inconsistent identification of pit bull-type dogs by shelter staff

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S109002331500310X

 

Validation of a short odour discrimination test for working dogs

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168159114003086

 

Anxiety and impulsivity: Factors associated with premature graying in young dogs

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168159116302775

 

Performance decline by search dogs in repetitive tasks, and mitigation strategies

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168159115000611

 

Breed, age and gender distribution of dogs with chronic hepatitis in the United Kingdom

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1090023311004734

 

Comparison of the effects of different kibble shape on voluntary food intake and palatability of weight loss diets in pet dogs

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034528819302280

 

Aggressive behavior of dogs kept as companion animals: Classification and influence of sex, reproductive status and breed

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0304376283901116

 

Relationship between attachment to owners and separation anxiety in pet dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S155878780600116X

Edited by Two Best Dogs!
accidentally posted wasn't done putting links down!
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This is a really interesting one, research is starting to look at breed relevant traits and how they impact their lives as pets

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168159119301443

Separation-related behaviour indicates the effect of functional breed selection in dogs (Canis familiaris)

lPéterPongráczSara AlvarezGómezRitaLenkei

Abstract

The domestication of dogs resulted in several fundamental behavioural changes as compared to their closest wild living relative, the wolf. While these characteristics are considered to be fairly robust across dogs, dog breeds themselves manifest apparently strong behavioural differences. Thus far the functional roots of breed-specific behaviours are still less understood and supported by empirical research. We hypothesized that historical selection for the level of working interaction intimacy with their handlers, may have resulted in the fundamental differences between the main working dog types and their behavioural reactions when separated from their owner. In our study, dogs from breeds that were originally selected for either cooperative or independent work tasks, were tested in a short outdoor separation test. We included dogs with and without owner-reported separation-related disorder (SRD) to both groups. We found that SRD-status and the breed type were in significant association with various stress related behaviours during separation from the owner. Dogs from cooperative working breeds with SRD barked more frequently, meanwhile barking was less prevalent in independent breeds and also in cooperative breeds without owner-reported SRD symptoms. General movement (showing the dogs’ intention to follow or find the disappearing, then absent owner) was uniformly strongest in cooperative dogs with SRD. Whining appeared most frequently in dogs with SRD, regardless to the breed type. These are the first results that support a functional evolutionary framework behind the association of particular dog breeds with the extent of their stressful reactions to separation from their owner.

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There's been proliferation of genetic tests.  Many of the new tests seem to be directed to things that are easy to test, not to important concerns.  It's great to see work on cancers... though useful results may be a long time coming. 

https://cgejournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40575-020-00084-w

Plain language summary 

Despite the advances in sequencing technology and the success of previous canine whole genome sequencing research, we know of no other publications that report using whole genome sequencing to investigate a genetic risk (aka. a risk that can be passed down through generations) for canine mammary tumors in purebred dogs. This canine cancer type is comparable to human breast cancer, and as a result, genes that are known to influence inherited risk for breast cancer were investigated to determine if those same genes played a role in risk for dogs. We whole genome sequenced 14 purebred dogs from four different breeds; each of the dogs within a breed had been tied back to the same family tree (pedigree). From this study, we have identified mutations in genes BRCA2 and STK11 that could increase risk for those dogs with the mutations. These mutations seem to be present in some breeds more than others, thus affecting risk differently. Furthermore, the large dataset from this research allows for further exploration to find additional mutations that influence their risk for developing canine mammary tumors.

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Keep forgetting to share this one for you guys - open access!

 

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2020.00388/full

 

Assisting Decision-Making on Age of Neutering for 35 Breeds of Dogs: Associated Joint Disorders, Cancers, and Urinary Incontinence

 

Quote

Neutering (including spaying) of male and female dogs in the first year after birth has become routine in the U.S. and much of Europe, but recent research reveals that for some dog breeds, neutering may be associated with increased risks of debilitating joint disorders and some cancers, complicating pet owners' decisions on neutering.

[snip]

There were major breed differences in vulnerability to neutering, both with regard to joint disorders and cancers. In most cases, the caregiver can choose the age of neutering without increasing the risks of these joint disorders or cancers.

 

Small-dog breeds seemed to have no increased risks of joint disorders associated with neutering, and in only two small breeds (Boston Terrier and Shih Tzu) was there a significant increase in cancers.

 

To assist pet owners and veterinarians in deciding on the age of neutering a specific dog, guidelines that avoid increasing the risks of a dog acquiring these joint disorders or cancers are laid out for neutering ages on a breed-by-breed and sex basis.

 

In the results section they split the results out by each breed so you can go straight to the breed you care about most:

 

Quote

English Springer Spaniel

The study population was 52 intact males, 57 neutered males, 37 intact females, and 66 spayed females for a total sample of 212 cases. In males and females left intact, the occurrence of one or more joint disorders was 5 and 8 percent, respectively. Among males and females neutered at various ages, there were no noteworthy increases in joint disorders. The cancers followed occurred in the intact males and females at a 6 percent level, and neutering at any age was not associated with any evident increase in this measure in either sex. In intact females, MC was diagnosed in 6 percent, and for those spayed at 2–8 years, 15 percent. PYO was not reported in any of the intact females. Spaying females at 6–11 mo. was associated with a 13 percent occurrence of UI, which may have reached significance with a larger sample size. Lacking a noticeable occurrence of increased joint disorders or cancers in neutered males, those wishing to neuter should decide on the appropriate age. For females, given the increased risk of UI in those spayed before 1 year, the suggested guideline is to delay spaying until a year of age.

 

Edited by Two Best Dogs!
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