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About sandgrubber

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    Labradors, dog behaviour, health, genetics

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  1. what you can get out of ultrasound depends greatly on the equipment and the training of the techs. Back when I was breeding in WA, Murdoch vet school was letting well trained techs use top quality equipment and their counts were good (my girls typically had 9 or 10 pups . . .they generally came within one . . . sometimes they would say something like 10, but two are poorly attached and may not make it. Murdoch stopped offering the service. It's hard to find a good radiographer for this procedure.
  2. Are you saying that locomotion is fundamentally different between dogs and horses? My gut feeling (couldwi be wrong) is that angulation close to 90 degrees has a physical advantage. Physical as in physics. I can't think of any naturally evolved animals that have the peculiar rear end conformation of the modern show GSD. Even the bitch you show looks, to me, like a building that on the way to eventual collapse because the stresses are all wrong.
  3. I have Labradors. THEY LIKE EVERYTHING The more the merrier.
  4. Sorry if this offends . . . or is kicking a dead horse . . . but I think it's clever BUGGER . . . the formatting won't post. Here's the source. takes the skeletal changes in GSD conformation and applies them to a horse.
  5. One tip. If you have multiple dogs, DO NOT LET THEM LICK EACH OTHER AFTER YOU APPLY A SPOT-ON. I ended out with a dog having horrible seizures and longer-term neurological problems (periodi focal seizures) after she licked her pup after application of a spot-on containing synthetic pyretheroids (as does advantage).
  6. I've always walked (or run) 'momma dog' . . . but been careful to walk in areas where I've seldom if ever seen other dogs. I hate the idea of depriving a normally active bitch of exercise; I doubt if anyone has ever did any study of this, but it seems like old fashioned and now debunked notions of 'confinement' for human mothers. My impression is that exercise helps the bitch settle into her role as mother.
  7. Hmmm? I'm logged in and I can't seem to edit my last post. Anyway . . . the uTube speech in the last post is a great sample of MRW's bias on judging the breed. She has strong opinions that disagree with much of what you hear in the Labrador community today. I appreciate both sides. I love the breed's adaptability; but the cold water focus of the dogs MRW talks about is clear and pleasing....though not the least bit adapted to Australia.
  8. It's expensive because it's out of print and Labbie fanatics still want it. In economics terms, inelastic supply, growing demand. You may also want to look at
  9. is worth a read, though there may be more up to date sources. Here's a quote relevant to your question: 3) Other external factors influencing hip ratings...What day of the week the x-rays are reviewed?!?! Subjective methods of evaluation can lead to unintentional bias and inconsistency for reproducibility of results. A study conducted at the University of Pennsylvannia revealed a startling amount of variability for hip interpretations among non-OFA and OFA board certified radiologists. When these radiologists were asked to grade hips based on the OFA rating system (excellent, good, fair, borderline CHD, mild CHD, moderate CHD or severe CHD), non-OFA readers agreed with an OFA reader in fewer than 50% of the cases. The most disturbing revelation was that when each radiologist was asked to rate certain cases a second time, each radiologist gave the same rating that he had given the first time on less than half the radiographs.
  10. Whoa! It is expensive now. I bought it years ago and I don't think I paid more than $20. Note, the same book is published as Reaching for the Stars (a later edition with some added material). It's a classic, and well worth a read. Lots of interesting breed history from someone who spent many many years as a breeder and judge. However, the science in the book is well out of date. I haven't read this one . . . but I would assume it contains much of the same material and also gets good reviews . . . Come to think of it, I think I saw a copy in the little library at Dogs West. I'm sure some of the Lab Breeders in Perth have copies they would lend.
  11. Geez, these prices make me feel like I'm getting a steal. I'm paying around $US10k for three Labbies from the East Coast of the USA to NZ . . . and that includes an overnight kenneling and various health checks and parasite treatments before the flight to NZ.
  12. I started a kennel in WA. That was 12 years ago, and rules may have changed. WA had prescriptive rules regarding space per dog, slope and surfacing of floors, and drainage. These were mindless in a way: they made no allowance for the fact that a tiny lap dog requires less space than a high energy herding or hunting dog or giant breed. They did an annual inspection. Not really adequate, as kennels knew in advance about the inspection date, giving them ability to move excess dogs (very common with mixed breeding/boarding kennels) and make sure things were spiffy clean. There is a lot of room for improvement in such regulations. There are bad breeders and boarding kennels who routinely violate the standards that would seem to rise out of common sense. It's hard to legislate and enforce common sense. For example, putting a severely DA dog next kennel down from a shy dog may be torture. Senior dogs on the decline require special treatment, but it varies greatly with the individual dog. Sanitation is easy for some dogs, and a BIG problem with the occasional dog that insists on pooping in its bed or feeding dish. While there are some breeding and some boarding kennels that do things wrong,re There will always be some bad actors. Many of them know how to dodge regulations. Codes of practice with occasional inspections may prevent some abuses, but mindless or over-restrictive codes (eg., rules that legislate against keeping bitch and pups in the house, rules that demand the same space for a chihuahua as for a Dane) are going to drive out some of the best and bring down quality of care. In some places the RSPCA may be decent . . .in other places, ideological and dogmatic. Would add, that the worst abuses in kennels take place over Christmas break. If anyone is serious about curbing abusive practices, snap inspections over Christmas would be a good way to do it. They'll have to tolerate a bit of mess here and there . . . cause very few kennels can keep 100% clean when at full capacity.
  13. just hit it a few times with a meat clever . . . then it doesn't matter which. For that matter, hit frames several times and they're good to go as well.
  14. no photo for me either